How Biochar is Made and How Biochar Works
Doc makes biochar at home using a variety of organic matter from around the house. BIOCHAR truly is the most significant improvement that grows can add to their gardens, but in recent years Doc has developed delivery systems that allow lawns to benefit from the biochar as well. Good biochar studies:
Making Biochar Video
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Biochar and Related Products
HUMICHAR… humic acid and biochar.
A 50/50 mix of humic acid and biochar made specifically for lawn care. CONTAINS NO NUTRIENTS and can be applied at anytime, as often as you want, and with any other product the same day. Price INCLUDES shipping.
PGF Balanced Fertilizer 10-10-10
PGF Balanced is a professional grade 10-10-10 with micros and iron. Great for fall and spring lawns as well as all gardens and landscapes.
Lawn Pre Emergent granular for lawns.
Sold in 18 lb bags it will STOP WEEDS before they begin. Apply in the fall and very early spring. Apply at the heavy rate and make sure you get TOTAL coverage for best results. Price INCLUDES shipping costs. Apply this product at 3.1 to 7.2 lbs./1,000sq. ft. (135to 313 lbs./A) in fall and/or spring. Use higher rate of application for longer control periods. Sequential applications may be made so long as the total amount of product applied does not exceed the maximum annual application rate of 7.2 lbs./1,000sq.ft.
PGF Complete lawn fertilizer
Sold in 18 and 40 lb bags. Great for all lawns warm and cool season. PGF will help get that thick green lawn.PGF Complete is the PERFECT fertilizer for spring, summer, and fall lawns. Great on new lawns, and new turf. Can be applied every 3-4 weeks during the growing season. PGF Complete is very mild and needs to be applied more often than other brands.
SUPER JUICE Spray Mix
Super Juice is a spray supplement that can be used on ANY type of lawn. Supplements help with the healthy green lawn all year long.
The Insect DOUBLE KILL Granular
Will kill grubs and army worms in your lawn along with 100s of other invasive bugs and pests. Apply when there is a dew on the lawn and then lightly water in. For GRUBS… water in heavy or allow rains to move it deep where they live.
Biochar in Doc’s simple terms…
“Biochar is usually wood or other organic matter that is burned very slowly in low oxygen environment producing CARBON RICH CHARCOAL rather than ash. It is very high in carbon. There is very little NUTRITIONAL VALUE to biochar, rather it is the HOST for good things to happen. You can think of it like a nutrient / microbe magnet or like a coral reef.
Making biochar involves heating carbon-rich materials, such as wood to very high temperatures. This ‘activation’ process strips the charcoal of previously absorbed molecules and frees up bonding sites again. This process also reduces the size of the pores in the charcoal and makes more holes in each molecule, therefore, increasing its overall surface area. Think of it as a STORAGE AREA OR HIDING PLACE for GOOD things.
Again, when you add biochar you are NOT adding nutrients. You are adding an ECO SYSTEM product that helps your soil develop and hold nutrients and healthy microbes. This process does take some time, but biochar can last for 100’s of years in the soil and over the years you are creating great soil that requires less fertilizer.”
The BIOCHAR / HUMICHAR Learning Video
Size does matter on lawns…
Not all BIOCHAR is the same…
We only use HIGH quality biochar made from hardwoods and it is made at temps at over 800 degrees. Why is this temp important?
Rice’s award-winning biochar research group examined the hydrologic properties of biochar produced at various temperatures from three kinds of feedstock — tree leaves, corn stalks and wood chips. For all feedstocks, the researchers found that biochar produced at temperatures above 450 degrees Celsius (842 degrees Fahrenheit) had optimal properties for improving soil drainage and storing carbon.
More Biochar Info…
Biochar (basically a specially produced charcoal) is a by-product of pyrolysis gas production whereby waste wood, manures, forestry residues or waste is pyrolysed, or roasted at high temperature to drive off volatile gases, which can be used to run engines, boil water and generate electricity.
The idea of using the charcoal by-product to improve soils has its origins in the study of “terra preta” soils of the Amazon basin. These human-modified soils are made by centuries of adding charcoal to the native rain forest soils. The Amazonians found that this improved the fertility of the otherwise very poor natural rain forest soils. Because charcoal lasts so long in soil, these soils can still be mapped and found today, even though long abandoned.
Biochar is recognized as offering a number of benefits for soil health. Many benefits are related to the extremely porous nature of biochar. This structure is found to be very effective at retaining both water and water-soluble nutrients. When pre-charged with these beneficial organisms biochar becomes an extremely effective soil amendment promoting good soil and, in turn, plant health.
Biochar has also been shown to reduce leaching of E-coli through sandy soils depending on application rate, feedstock, pyrolysis temperature, soil moisture content, soil texture, and surface properties of the bacteria.
For plants that require high potash and elevated pH, biochar can be used as a soil amendment to improve yield.
Biochar can improve water quality, reduce soil emissions of greenhouse gases, reduce nutrient leaching, reduce soil acidity, and reduce irrigation and fertilizer requirements. Biochar was also found under certain circumstances to induce plant systemic responses to foliar fungal diseases and to improve plant responses to diseases caused by soil borne pathogens.
The various impacts of biochar can be dependent on the properties of the biochar, as well as the amount applied, and there is still a lack of knowledge about the important mechanisms and properties. Biochar impact may depend on regional conditions including soil type, soil condition (depleted or healthy), temperature, and humidity. Modest additions of biochar to soil reduce nitrous oxide emissions by up to 80% and eliminate methane emissions, which are both more potent greenhouse gases than CO